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Land and Environment : Agribusiness Assoc. of Australia

Agribusiness Review - Vol. 8 - 2000

Invigorating the Asian-Pacific Food Economy: APEC'S Role

Professor Kym Anderson
School of Economics and Centre for International Economic Studies, University of Adelaide.
Paper 1, May 4, 2000


The APEC Business Advisory Council (ABAC) proposed in September 1998 that APEC leaders take joint action to develop a so-called APEC Food System to boost the food sector's contribution to the prosperity of APEC's economies. ABAC believes aggregate food needs could be met in a more efficient and environmentally responsible way, and in such a way that people feel more food-secure and the poor are better off. It sees the need for developing more extensive rural infrastructure, in terms of both physical and human capital; for importing, adapting and adopting new farm and food technologies; and for reducing impediments to international food trade and investment.
In reviewing the ABAC proposal, this paper addresses the following questions: Why is now the right time to focus on this ABAC proposal? What would be its effects? In particular, how would food security in the region be affected? What initiatives or actions are still required by governments, non-government organizations and the private sector to ensure its development? And what policy options are available for contributing and adjusting to it?

Price Risk Management for Australian Broad acre Farmers: some observations  

Ross Kingwell
Senior Adviser & Visiting senior lecturer, Agriculture Western Australia & University of Western Australia.
Paper 2 June 2, 2000
PDF Version 219 Kb


Commonly when people talk of risk they mean the possibility of loss or harm. However, strictly speaking, this exposure to adversity is only part of risk. It is downside risk. More generally, risk refers to a range of uncertainties (upside and downside) that affect a person's welfare.
Farmers faces many risks. The two most commonly mentioned risks tend to be yield and price risk, although as mentioned later, there are several other important sources of risk affecting farm businesses. This article concentrates on price risk faced by broad acre farmers in Australia.

Beef Consumption in Japan: What can be learnt from Sub-National Data?

Ruth Stroppiana and Paul Riethmuller
Department of Economics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane.
Paper 3 June 22, 2000


Japan consists of four large islands - Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu - and roughly 7 000 smaller islands and islets. In terms of natural terrain and climatic conditions Japan is a diverse country. There are also differences in the history, life styles and dietary habits of people living in different parts of Japan. This paper investigates the relationship between the consumption of beef and income, prices, and selected socio-economic factors in nine Japanese regions. The analysis found that consumption of beef at the regional level is influenced to differing degrees by income and by the prices of substitutes. In the heavily populated Kanto region, for example, containing the metropolises of Tokyo and Yokohama, the demand for beef was found to be not very responsive to changes in income, compared to the predominantly rural region of Hokkaido. This suggests that changes in income will have a relatively small impact on beef consumption in the Kanto region, compared to its effect on beef consumption in Hokkaido. A more general conclusion that can be drawn from the results is that programs designed to increase beef consumption in one part of Japan may need to be modified for other parts of the country if this same objective is to be achieved.

Quality, Uncertainty and Consumer Valuation of  Fruits & Vegetables

Kate Owen - Research Fellow at the University of Sydney, Vic Wright - Associate Professor with the School of Marketing and Management at the University of New England & Garry Griffith - Principal Research Scientist, NSW Agriculture, Armidale
Paper 4 August 3, 2000


This paper reports on the results of three studies into consumers' perceptions of the quality of fresh fruits and vegetables, the links with "value", and its effect on purchase behaviour. The discussion centres on the premises that underpin differentiation strategies, such as branding and price: quality associations, and the necessary conditions for consumers to respond to these. The findings suggest that producers and marketers in the horticultural industry need to view their product through the same holistic lens as the consumer, to find the synthesis of its attributes rather than to treat them in isolation, which appears to have been the case.

Do Canadian Pork Imports Influence New South Wales Pigmeat Prices? 

G.R. Griffith Principal Research Scientist, NSW Agriculture Beef Centre, Armidale, NSW and H-S (Christie) Chang, Senior Lecturer, School of Economic Studies, University of New England, Armidale, NSW
Paper 5 October 11, 2000


In September 1989 the Australian Government announced an in-principle decision to lift the existing ban on importation of unprocessed pork, specifically for Canadian product. The decision was confirmed in July 1990, the formal protocols were signed soon after and imports from Canada began arriving in August 1990. In the first year, import levels were generally minor. However, from July 1991 there was a sustained increase in volumes. Total imports for 1991/92 were over 4000 tonnes compared with about 1000 tonnes for the preceding year. This increase in imports coincided with a dramatic fall in farm prices for pigs in early 1992.
Since the late 1980s, the pig industry had been a vocal critic of the decision to allow in Canadian imports on the grounds of possible disease risk and that Canadian producers were heavily subsidised. The large fall in farm prices in early 1992 heightened this concern and the Australian Pork Corporation was instructed to prepare and submit a case for the imposition of countervailing duties. On receipt of the submission, the Australian Customs Service initiated a dumping and subsidy inquiry which was reported in November 1992.

The Anatomy of Australia's Wine Boom: Lessons for Other Industries

Kym Anderson
School of Economics and Centre for International Economic Studies, University of Adelaide.
Paper 6 October 12th, 2000

Cooperation in Tropical North Queensland's Nature-Based Tourism Industry

Twan Huybers
University of New South Wales and Jeff Bennett Australian National University.
Paper 7 October 12th, 2000


In this paper, the results of a survey of nature based tourism operators in Tropical North Queensland are presented. While operators compete with each other for the business of the tourists who visit the region, they cooperate in their collective competition with other tourism destinations. The paper documents the historical development of competition and cooperation in the region's tourism industry. It also discusses the areas of cooperation between tourism business operators. The two major areas of cooperation are destination promotion and activities regarding environmental protection.  

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